el grupo aventura bachata   aventura song

 

 

Bachata Music

 

How can this music style be defined as?

Let’s start a tour over a wonderful rythm so many bands are playing nowadays. Bachata music is a Dominican style, with Cuban and Caribbean influences. Just like any other typical Latin music, it was born and grew up among the poorest social classes, in this case Dominican Republic, from the year 1920 onwards.

Origins of bachata music

The word “Bachata” means “party” or “social meeting”. This is because in the beginning it was asociated with parties in any house in the gorgeous city of Santo Domingo. Over the terraces, gardens, and even on the streets, this kind of popular festivity was carried out with or without music, which gives a plus of interest to this matter. So bachata, understood in that way, it menas mainly a way of life instead of a music or a dance.

 
bachata
Bachata movements

Origins of bachata music

The word “Bachata” means “party” or “social meeting”. This is because in the beginning it was asociated with parties in any house in the gorgeous city of Santo Domingo. Over the terraces, gardens, and even on the streets, this kind of popular festivity was carried out with or without music, which gives a plus of interest to this matter. So bachata, understood in that way, it menas mainly a way of life instead of a music or a dance. People who try to find out how to dance bachata, will probably do better in traveling to Republica Dominicana and find out how the people live. That’s why actual bands have the mission of giving back to the people what in fact belonged to them in a first place. This is the main aim of important groups such as el Grupo Aventura, making of the the real Kings of Bachata.

bolero
Bolero dancers
 

History of bachata

The bachata music was known, from the beginning, as “música de amargue”, which menas “Music of the bitter sides”, being a mixture of rythmic bolero and son (both styles from Cuba). From the same country came the romantic bolero and the Mexican corridor, which lead the main influences on bachata. From the 1950 decade onwards, bachata would mix with a wide range of musical styles, giving birth to the “bachaterean sound” that would identify the island, just like the merengue.

Anyway, bachata was left to a “bad life” social places, which was something unfortunate the artists had to cope with for a long timer.Bars of cities like Santiago de los Caballeros (where a sax would sound for the first time in America!) aroused with new musicality that the higher classes pretended to ignore.

And if we say “pretend" is because actually there was no way to ignore the movement and the success bachata produced on the mood of every town in Dominican Republic. The attractiveness of this Latin American music would gain spaces worldwide, but slowly .Time was passing by, the economy of the country strenghtened, tourism being widely developed, spreading the music that would later define the social classes of Republica Dominicana. Thus, this great country found another way of entering the actual world.

The radios of bachata and their role

With the overcome of bachata radio stations, from the sixties, the old amargue songs, came to have its own name: bachata. The success was astonishing, because radios would spread the new style, at the same time they announced the locals in town where bachata was played everynight: parties, clubs, small meetings, anywhere the sound of bachata could be heard. Radio “la Guarachita” (which is a music style, similar tol bolero), for example, was pioneer in the Distrito Nacional, reaching an amount of 30 dance meetings promoted per weekend. At the same time, in Santiago de los Caballeros, Radio Norte, Ritmos and the Quisqueyana had their own times of glory. The frequencies of MW made easier this music could reach countryside stations, over the south of the island. In that area, radios Anacaona, Barahona, San Juan y Enriquillo were very famous. We owe them much of the bachata history, for the big encouragement they gave to the artists and small music enterprises. In times when recording a disc was impossible for Latin artists, the Dominican radios made an important effort to make the bachata mix live.

The bachata hits

Bachata on the internet is not casual: it’s in fact the main channel in which people are making their own way to success. That’s why spreading bachata is not something purely aesthetical, but a matter of national importance for Dominicans. Bachata hits are now well known worldwide and it is necessary to find new ways to spread it. The very first bachata hit came by the artist Juan Luis Guerra, who recorded his classical hit “Bachata Rosa”. From the decade of 1980 we have a new trend, started by genuine Dominican bachata artists and foreigners as well, mixing hits of Latin music with newer styles, with new instruments and sound technologies.

Latin music

Nowadays bachata is on top. Many people try to call it “neobachata”, but bachata is not new. The artists of bachata may have changed their manners, but the essence of the popular music it still exists. That’s why the role of el Grupo Aventura is so important to the world of bachata and Latin music in general. Anthony, Lenny, Henry y Mikey, born in New York (Bronx district), could get what no Latin managed to get in the whole history of music. When starting the Grupo Aventura in 1999, they conquered the heart and the dance rooms of a very difficult market: the United States. After they recorded the first songs and the main charts in the US, the world was at their feet. Awards, golden discs, thousands of videos of bachata spreading around on the internet, their lyrics and their rythms sounding in every corner, the place for bachata music is now better positioned.

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